There are a handful of optical issues that will affect the way someone is able to see. Miami optometrists often deal with people that are nearsighted or farsighted, but there are other conditions that can affect someone’s vision as well. People who are unable to see up close or far away are usually dealing with an abnormality in the shape of their cornea that prevents light from focusing on their retina perfectly. However, people can still experience blurry vision because they are dealing with other issues that aren’t as common as these. If you hear your Miami Beach eye doctor mention anything you don’t understand, then you need to be aware of what they are talking about.
Common Vision Problems and Their Causes
Besides nearsightedness and farsightedness, there are a few conditions that can cause someone to experience a blurred vision. Here are some of the conditions that eye doctors in Miami see, other than nearsightedness and farsightedness, that can also prevent someone from being able to see perfectly:
● Cataracts. Cataracts can develop on the lens of someone’s eye from protein buildup and new cell formation, which will likely lead to them being unable to see at night or experiencing exaggerated glares.
● Glaucoma. This is an optical issue where excessive pressure builds up behind the eyes, causing damage to the optical nerves. People will experience diminished sight and usually headaches as well.
● Macular Degeneration. This is where changes happen to the macula (a part of the retina) and prevents someone from seeing as they always have. This issue is more common in people over the age of 50.
● Nystagmus. While this condition is a bit more rare, it does affect the way a patient will be able to see. It is when the eyes make repetitive and uncontrollable movements that result in diminished sight.
Treating Visual Issues
Treating an optical condition depends on what a patient is suffering from. Most sight-related problems can be treated by a doctor in Miami Beach with contacts, glasses, or laser eye surgery. However, some conditions may require a visit with an ophthalmologist to correct the problem. Patients with excessive eye pressure caused by glaucoma may need to have an operation to relieve the pressure. A reliable eye doctor will be able to explain the type of issue you’re dealing with and elaborate on the treatment options available for it.