Macular degeneration is an optical condition that an eye doctor in Miami sees quite often. This condition is actually the primary reason people 60+ years of age experience vision loss. The reason this happens is because the macula, which is the center portion of a person’s retina where the optic nerve is connected, begins to deteriorate over time. Most people who have this condition don’t experience complete blindness, but they will experience some sort of vision loss that can reduce their quality of life. The majority of people who develop this condition are older, which is why it’s also known as as age-related macular degeneration. A Miami Beach eye doctor will have no problem explaining this condition to their patients, especially those who are at risk of developing it.

Different Forms of Macular Degeneration

When it comes to this condition, there are two main types that people can develop; they are known as the dry and wet forms of macular degeneration. Here are the main differences between the two types that a Miami eye doctor will explain to their patient:

● The dry form of macular degeneration is characterized by yellow deposits, known as “drusen”, that are present in the macula. Small amounts of drusen are not going to be a problem for most people, but when they start increasing in numbers, people will often experience problems when they are reading or performing other visual tasks.

● The wet form of macular degeneration is most notable by the choroid, located underneath the macula, developing an abnormal amount of blood vessels. The abnormal vessels can sometimes bleed and cause scarring to the macula, which will result in vision loss over time.

● People with either condition need to be sure they are being examined regularly and taking the necessary precautions to preserve their sight. In some cases, people with macular degeneration will need to be prescribed glasses by their doctor in Miami Beach to correct their vision problem.

What You Can do to Prevent the Development of Macular Degeneration

For those who are starting to get older but have not yet developed this condition, eating the right foods is extremely important. Ensuring that the eyes have all of the vitamins and nutrients they need to remain healthy is the best thing you can do to prevent from developing macular degeneration. While many older people experience this condition, it’s not guaranteed that it will develop and many people make it through their entire life without ever dealing with it. However, it’s wise to take preventative measures now so that your risk of developing macular degeneration is minimized.

photo credit: L I N D A via photopin (license)