One of the main reasons people visit their Miami optometrist is because they have a cornea that did not develop correctly. The cornea is the outermost layer of the eye that is responsible for bending light that passes through it to land directly on the retina. People have visual problems when their cornea is not perfectly shaped because it will bend light so that it lands a little before or after the retina. These are problems known as myopia or hyperopia, which are also known as nearsightedness and farsightedness. When someone hears things broken down in this way, it can be a little alarming and sound frightening. However, any type of refractive issue a person has in regards to their cornea can easily be corrected by getting a pair of prescription eyeglasses in Miami Beach.
Reasons People Develop Abnormal Corneas
Millions of people have corneas that are not perfectly shaped, which is why millions of people wear contacts or glasses. One of the most common questions eye doctors in Miami get asked is why and how a person’s cornea developed incorrectly. While the exact cause is not always clear, here are some of the main factors that relate to a person having a misshapen cornea:
- Genetics. If a child’s parents both have a type of refractive error such as nearsightedness or farsightedness, then there’s a high probability that the child will develop a similar visual issue.
- Diseases like ocular herpes or Fuch’s dystrophy. When someone’s eye is affected by a certain type of disease, it can alter the shape of their cornea.
- Injuries. Although rare, there are instances where a person has been hit in the eye and sustained damage that did not heal correctly.
Irregular Corneas Overall
If you step back and look at the big picture of optical issues, any type of refractive problem is actually quite trivial. An irregularly shaped cornea is only going to cause problems for someone because it will prevent them from being able to see clearly, which can be an issue when driving, sitting in a classroom, or even reading a book. However, even people with irregularly shaped corneas claim that they can still make it through life without wearing contacts or glasses (although this is not recommended). If you are currently suffering from a refractive issue due to an irregular cornea, then you need to see your Miami eye doctor right away. Your eye doctor will write you a prescription for either contacts or glasses depending on your personal preference, and then your visual problems will be eradicated.