Like many biological diseases and abnormalities, issues related to eyesight can be passed from parent to child through genetics. Some may be minor, such as nearsightedness, while others, like cataracts, can lead to permanent blindness.
Genetic vision problems
There are hundreds of common vision issues that are passed through genes. While some are noticeable as soon as birth, others may not be discovered until later in life. Color blindness may only be noticed when a child is learning to identify colors for the first time.
While not all of these problems are always genetic, the most common vision issues are:
- Strabismus (cross-eyes)
- Amblyopia (lazy eye)
- Myopia (nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (farsightedness)
- Color blindness
Like basic vision issues, disease of the eye can be revealed when a child is born or only noticed later in life. Some of the more common eye diseases are (but not always):
- Congenital (present at birth) cataracts
- Congenital glaucoma
- Retinal degeneration
- Optic atrophy
- Eye malformations
- Retinitis pigmentosa (night blindness and vision loss)
- Strabismus (ocular misalignment)
If you have concerns about a vision issue with you or your child, an early diagnosis can speed up the discussion about assessments and possible treatments.